Big Data, Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning and Data Protection
This discussion paper looks at the implications of big data, artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning for data protection, and explains the ICO’s views on these. It defines big data, AI and machine learning, and identifies the particular characteristics that differentiate them from more traditional forms of data processing. Realizing the benefits that can flow from big data analytics, the paper analyzes the main implications for data protection. It examines some of the tools and approaches that can help organizations ensure that their big data processing complies with data protection requirements. Also discussed is how data protection, as enacted in current legislation, will not work for big data analytics, and how the role of accountability in relation to the more traditional principle of transparency will increase. The main conclusions are that, while data protection can be challenging in a big data context, the benefits will not be achieved at the expense of data privacy rights; and meeting data protection requirements will benefit both organizations and individuals. After the conclusions six key recommendations for organizations using big data analytics are presented.
"Big Data, Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning and Data Protection" by The United Kingdom Information Commissioner's Office March 2017